San Millán is one of the most renowned saints in Spain, being one of the most famous in the world. co-patron saint of the country together with Santiago. He lived to be 101 years old living as a anchorite in a cave near La Cogolla.
Nowadays, San Millán de la Cogolla is one of the best known villages in La Rioja, as it has the Monasteries of Suso and Yuso The first of these is located in the place where the saint lived and the second in the place where one of the legends narrated below is told.
1. Exorcism of San Millán in Parpalinas
In the village of Parpalinas Senator Honorius lived in a luxurious Hispano-Roman house in the 6th century.
The senator had reportedly been suffering from a long-standing demonic presence in his very strange house that moved objects, clothes and bothered those who lived there on a daily basis.
After much insistence from Senator Honorio to San Millán, the latter agreed to travel the almost 70 kilometres that separated them in order to perform an exorcism to free Honorio and his family from this demonic presence.
San Millán remained for three days, in prayer and fastingHe was in the house of Honorius and in contact with other clergymen of Parpalinas.
Following the exorcism performed by St. Millan, Senator Honorio he became a faithful protector of the monastery which had already been created in the Cogollos mountains where the saint lived.
Currently, you can visit the Parpalinas site located in the Ocón Valley.
2. San Millán prophesied the destruction of the city of Cantabria
The Saint was 100 years old when God revealed to him the destruction of the city of Cantabria, the same year he also revealed his own death to her.
San Millán thus sent a messenger to Cantabria warning them that I would visit them the coming Easter.
In this way, San Millán with 100 years on his back he came down from the mountains and walked the 45km that separated him from the city.
Once there, began to preach reprimanding the deaths, thefts, incest and other miseries so far removed from honourable behaviour that the inhabitants of Cantabria repeated on a daily basis, urging them to recant and do penance, thus avoiding the sad end in which they were to perish just as they had done. God had rebelled against him.
The Saint was at first listened to until a certain Abundantius, not wanting to correct his conduct began to make a mockery of what the Abbot was preaching saying that it "expired".
This caused the Holy Abbot to cease his words and return to his mountains. with much regret for the perdition of those people.
Soon came the withering punishment to the city of Cantabria from the hand of the King Leovigild which powerfully invaded it in 574. Only one year after the death of the saint.
3. Postmortem miracle of San Millán: Resurrection of a girl child
This miracle of resurrection took place when the Saint had already passed away.
A girl from Prado, a place near the oratory, suffered from a serious illness, when her parents took her to the tomb of the Saint to cure her. However, the little girl died before she reached her destination before she was four years old.
Once there, in the evening, she was left dead by the altarAfter three hours they returned and found her alive, playing with the tablecloth that covered it. Before leaving, they thanked God for it.
In the cenotaph of the Emilian cenotaph the protagonist is depicted as in a sequence, in two different moments of the action: firstly, she is shown lying with her hands folded on her chest, already dead, and in front she is again depicted with the same physical characteristics but alive, kneeling, with her hands together in an attitude of prayer in thanksgiving for her resurrection.
4. Miracle cures and the harshest punishments
The monastery in which San Millan lived was soon established as a pilgrimage centre for sick people of all kinds: blind, paralysed, crippled...
San Millán was a healer, capable of healing the illnesses of those who came to him, In this way he cured many people, his instruments being prayer and his amazing staff.
On one occasion restored a blind woman's sightSenator Sicuro's maid.
However, at another point in his life he took the opposite action, blinding two thieves in perpetuity that his own horse had been taken from him.
5. Miracle of the oxen carrying the Saint's relics
The history of the foundation of the Monastery of Yuso is linked to the the legend which tells that when Millán died, his disciples buried him in his cave, and the Monastery of Suso grew up around it.
However, the Navarrese king García III wanted to bring his newly founded Monastery of Santa María La Real the mortal remains of the saint. Thus, the 29 May 1053 They placed the remains of the saint on an ox-drawn cart and set out on their journey, leaving the monks who lived there desolate.
However, when they reached the plain, the oxen stopped and refused to walk again. The king and the whole retinue interpreted this as a miracle, that San Millán was imposing his will on the king's will. to be reburied there. It was then that the king ordered the construction of the new monastery, which was called Yuso (below), as opposed to the one above (Suso)".
6. Life of San Millán de la Cogolla
Millán was born in the year 473 in the town of Berceo, near the present-day village of San Millán de la Cogolla, in the heart of a peasant family.
Since he was a child, he has tended sheep. shepherding through the mountains surrounding Berceo. Until at the age of 20 a mystical apparition of an angel shows him the way to the cliffs of Bilibio where he a hermit named Felices will teach him all about the ascetic life.
So San Millán travelled the 40 kilometres that separated him from this hermit and lived with him. for 3 years after which he returned to the Cogollos mountains to live for more than 40 years as an anchorite living in a cave.
This lifestyle has been gaining popularity and more and more people made their pilgrimage to the cave of Millán to learn from him or ask for his help.
Finally, it was created one male and one female monasteryThere is also an oratory in what is now the Monastery of Suso, in the vicinity of which more than 100 tombs of these early hermits have been found.
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